The ideal objective of periodontal treatment is to not only prevent additional damage to the gums and jaw bone but to also regenerate or regrow tissue destroyed by periodontal disease. Eliminating bacteria and regenerating bone and tissue will also help reduce the pocket depths and reverse the damage caused by periodontal disease. Bone grafts may be composed of small fragments of your own bone or the bone may be synthetic or donated. If the bone is donated, it is from a nationally accredited tissue bank and put through the most rigorous sterilization procedures. Donated bone grafts have been used for over 35 years in periodontal treatment and are extremely safe. There has never been a documented case of an infection being transmitted in several million cases. The bone graft serves as a scaffolding material for your natural bone to grow into and is completely resorbed from your body in less than a year.
The gums are gently pulled back from the teeth similar to other periodontal surgical procedures and all bacteria are removed from the roots. In many periodontal surgeries, the bone damage is minor and can be returned to a normal healthy state by some selective smoothing. However in more advanced cases, the bone damage is so severe that it is not possible to correct the bone defects with selective smoothing. In these more severe cases, bone grafts, membranes (filters) and tissue stimulating proteins may be used to encourage your body’s natural ability to regenerate bone or tissue. The bone graft material is placed in the defect or hole in the jaw bone and often covered with a membrane or filter. This will allow your natural bone cells to grow into the bone defect and start the process of growing new bone. The additional bone growth will add support and stability to the tooth and also result in a reduction of the pockets or gaps around the teeth.